The Basic Tennis Rules You Need To Know


The Basic Tennis Rules You Need To Know

Every sport has its own rules of engagement. Tennis matches are also played with a set of rules which decide their outcome. Tennis rules, however, could be a bit complex to understand. In this game, it is possible to win a match even after a player has scored lesser points. There are defined rules for service, return baseline rallies, and scoring patterns. Let’s discuss the important patterns of play in the game and demystify its complex scoring system. 

The Toss, Serve And Rally

The Basic Tennis Rules You Need To Know
The Basic Tennis Rules You Need To Know

All tennis matches start with a toss. The winner of the toss either chooses the court or to serve first. The player serving gets 2 serves. This is to avoid the disadvantage of being defensive in the first serve itself. Players usually adapt to an attacking first serve and safer second serve. If the player faults on both serves, he loses the point according to tennis rules. 

The strong baseline rallies are usually the most exciting part of the tennis matches. As per the tennis rules, a rally goes on till any of the two players either miss the ball or hits it outside the permitted court geometry. Tennis courts for singles matches are 78 feet long and 27 feet wide. For doubles, the length remains the same but the width is increased to 36 feet as per the tennis rules.   

Another important rule in tennis rallies is about a player touching the net. If any of the two players touch the net before the ball bouncing twice, it accords to point penalty. This happens in many tennis matches, especially when players come forward to play a volley. The players rotate their courts after every 3 games in the set. This is to make sure that no player gets a court position advantage like slope or wind direction. 

The Basic Tennis Rules You Need To Know
The Basic Tennis Rules You Need To Know

Tennis Rules: The Scoring Patterns

Tennis rules in terms of scoring can be a little complex to understand. Every tennis game has a point sequence 0, 15, 30, 40, and advantage (A). A player needs to be two points ahead of the opponent to win a game. In case both players reach 40-40, it is termed as deuce. The winner from here needs to score an advantage point and then the game point in succession. This ensures that two points difference between the winner and loser remain there.

For winning a set in the tennis matches, players also need to be 2 games ahead. A player has to reach a minimum of 6 games with a difference of 2 from the rival to win a set. They can thus win a set on either 6-4 or 7-5. If both players reach 6-6 score, then the tennis rules dictate a tiebreaker to be played. Here the player getting to 7 points again with a difference of 2 from the opponent wins the tiebreaker. Many important tennis matches have their fate decided in the tie break shootouts. 

Finally, most tennis tournaments run on the knockout rule. The player to reach advanced stages needs to win all the tennis matches. A loss means that the player gets knocked out of the tournament. This applies to Grand Slams, Masters 1000 tournaments, etc. Only the year-end finale does not have a knockout rule but a league stage called round-robin.

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